Pre School Education System

Early childhood education is considered as back bone in any education system traditionally there are two types of early childhood education in the world. These are Montessori and Kindergarten system of education. Learning and development of child in pre schooling years is faster than the adolescence age. Both systems play the role to promote the pre-school education. Montessori system is more scientific more practical than the kindergarten system of Education. Kindergarten system of Education focuses on inner side training learning and betterment of children. Both systems promote the pre- system schools education on activity base learning and help the children to show better performance in learning and development in future education.

Montessori Education System

Montessori was woman doctor of Italy. Since 1907 her educational philosophy has been adopted all over the world with great success. It is a method of education developed by Maria Montessori. A prepared environment full of age appropriate manipulative learning equipment is available which allows the child to progress of his own pace. Positive reinforcement, learning by doing, order and movement are principles that are advocated.

Children learn self-confidence and responsibility through purposeful activity, observation and discovery.

Kindergarten Education System

Kindergarten is a system of pre-school education.Froebel designed in 1837 the kindergarten to provide an educational situation less formal than that of the elementary school but one in which children’s creative play instincts would be organized constructively. Through the use of songs, stories, games, simple manual materials, and group activities for which the furnishings of a kindergarten adapted, children develop habits of cooperation and application, and the transition from home

to school is thought to be made less formidable

Basic difference between both Education System is:

Montessori Educattion Method Kindergarten Education Method
1. Cognitive social, emotional and moral development emphasis 1. Social development emphasis
2. Teacher prepares the environment with learning materials 2. Teacher is center of classroom as instructor
3. Emphasizes inner discipline 3. Teacher is primary enforcer of discipline
4. Mainly individual instruction 4. Group and some individual instruction
5. Mix age grouping 5. Same age grouping
6. Much teaching is peer teaching and modelling 6. Most teaching is done by the teacher
7. Curriculum is structured for each child 7. Curriculum is structured for the whole class
8. Child internalizes concept through exploration of educational materials 8. Child is taught concept by teacher
9. Child is self-paced and usually continues with an activity for an extended time 9. Child is generally alloted specific instructional time
10. Child sets own learning pace 10. Group sets the learning pace
11. Child identifies own errors from feedback from the educational material 11. Teacher identifies errors
12. Learning is reinforced internally by individual’s repetition with learning materials and an internal feeling of competence 12. Learning is enforced externally by group repitition and rewards.
13. Multi-sensory learning materials for physical exploration 13. Paper and pencil approach for learning
14. Purposeful movement in the classroom is encouraged and believed to be an aid to learning 14. Child usually assigned chair: encouraged to participate, sit still and listen during group sessions
15. Inquiry based learning 15. Standard based learning
16. Sutdents have opportunity to advance academically at their own pace, without limits 16. Students are expected to be within the norms of what is average for their grade level
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